Knossos is the largest Bronze Age archaeological site on Crete and has been called Europe’s oldest city. The Palace of Knossos became the ceremonial and political centre of the Minoan Civilization. The site of Knossos was discovered in 1878 by Minos Kalokairinos. Excavations began in 1900 by the English archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans [1851-1941] and his team and continued for 35 years.
Knossos was the greatest and most powerful city in Minoan Crete; it was the capital of Minoan Crete and the legendary Minoan Dynasty. The impressive 22.000 square meter palace had 1500 rooms which were made using a variety of building materials and stones, a plethora of colours and famous frescoed walls. It also had large stone paved central courtyard, a theatre, workshops, storage areas or magazines and a water management system.
The Palace of Knossos is also connected with a variety of myths, such as that of Daedalus, who built the Labyrinth to keep the Minotaur confined, and of course the most famous story of all, that of Theseus who entered the Labyrinth and after slaying the Minotaur managed to escape thanks to princess Ariadne and her ball of yarn.